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ITEM NAME: Greek Amphora, Gaia emerging from the Earth
SIZE: 10"H (25cm)
ITEM TYPE: Greek vase
ITEM MATERIAL: Terracotta, hand turned
ITEM FINISH: Red figure, hand painted
SHIPPING: $10.00

Greek red figure period, 500 B.C. Gaia emerging from the Earth

Greek vases were made for household and religious functions and were designed for a particular use. That use determined their shape. Over the years they acquired standard shapes which allowed them to be categorized as follows: The Amphora has two handles and is usually a swollen vase with a large mouth. It was designed to store or transport provisions such as oil or wines. The Hydria was used as a water jar. Typically it has three handles. The handle at the back was used for pouring or carrying the vase. The handles at the sides were there for lifting and were sometimes absent in smaller vases. The Lekythos served as an oil jug. It has one handle attached from the top of the vase to the neck. Itís narrow neck and deep mouth allowed the liquid to flow out slowly. The Krater is a large open bowl with two handles in which wine and water were mixed at the banquet table. From the Krater, wine was ladled into the cups. The Oinochoe is a vase for wine but it served as a wine jog from which wine was poured directly into the cups. It has one handle and is shaped much like a modern pitcher. The Kylix is a drinking cup with two handles and a high foot. The Kantharos is another drinking cup characterized by high curving handles. The Pyxis were squat toilet jars used for holding toilet articles.
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